When it comes to constructing a building structure, the right set of resources must be used for ensuring the overall life and the integrity of the building. The introduction of reinforcement in construction improved the overall life expectancy of the structure and made them strong enough to withstand the forces of nature. Steel is the primary component used as reinforcement because of its excellent tensile strength, recyclability and similar thermal coefficient of expansion to that of concrete.
Steel has been a vital tool for mankind since its inception. Steel is the major component in almost everything starting from buildings, bridges, automobiles to pieces of machinery. Discovery of steel and it’s production dramatically changed the economic status of the world. Steel is an alloy of Iron and Carbon in which the carbon content is at 2% (Above 1%, it is classified as Cast Iron).