Concrete is the most vital material in the construction of buildings. There is no need for any sort of familiarization for us. It is right around us, buildings, roads, bridges, etc, all these structures are made with concrete. It is impossible to imagine a structure without concrete. The use of concrete has a long way back since ancient times. The arrival of concrete drastically changed the course of architecture in the world.
The principal components in every construction of a building are concrete and reinforced steel. However, concrete is the pivotal component the construction begins with. Concrete is a composite of multiple items namely cement, water, sand and aggregates. The aggregates include limestone, gravel, crushed stone, slug etc. About 60 to 80% of the concrete mix is made of aggregates. They provide the required compressive strength and bulk to concrete.
Concrete and steel are the two most vital components for the construction of a building. Concrete is known for its impressive compressive strength but it lacks the tensile strength. This tensile strength is provided by using reinforced steel bars. So both these components are needed for the construction. However, with the rise of technologies, different variants of steel, concrete etc have been introduced. One such material is Prestressed Concrete.
TMT reinforced steels are currently the defacto standard for constructing commercial building projects and residential buildings. Known for its high tensile strength and ductility ratio, it is the ultimate option for reinforcement. Part I of this blog explained about TMT steel and its manufacturing process. To get the complete effect of the reinforced bar, there are certain things that must not be done. Some of these steps were explained in Part-I. Here we further a few more features.
TMT reinforced steel is the ultimate solution for reinforcement of a commercial structure. What the steels provide are the necessary tensile strength and ductility that is needed for the structure to withstand the forces of nature effectively and increased longevity to structure. The TMT steels are used because of its high tensile strength and ductility, which is resulted from the QST process that the reinforced bar undergo.
Steel, the most versatile, strong and durable material for reinforcing concrete for constructing buildings. No doubt, it is the only material so far that has proven successful to bond with concrete for reinforcement. The main reasons are, One, steel has high tensile strength and is able to withstand the tensile forces in a structure which the concrete lacks. Second, the thermal coefficient of expansion of steel is similar to that of concrete.
Reinforced cement concrete, simply RCC is the preferred standard for constructing building structures. The concept of RCC was introduced by Joseph Monier in the late 19th century. Reinforced cement concrete is primarily used in structures to provide the tensile strength that the concrete is weak to handle. Due to the excellent tensile strength handling and similar thermal coefficient of expansion between steel and concrete, RCC remains as the de facto component in the construction of a building.
The last blog described the universal problem affecting the RCC which is corrosion / rusting and what are the causes of corrosion. In order for a Reinforced structure to have corrosion, the presence of these two components is needed which is moisture and air. Usually, corrosion starts out slowly and results in severe damages which in turn affects the structural integrity of the building.
Thermo Mechanically treated steel bars created the current standard of reinforcement. Their excellent tensile strength and ductility make them ideal and preferred for construction of building structures. Building structures are always susceptible to environmental changes. No building will ever be the same once the environmental changes kick in. Out of all the changes, the most serious and devastating is corrosion.
Construction of a house requires perfect planning and the sufficient strength to withstand loads of the structure and the certain natural disasters. In order to deliver such strength, the TMT steel reinforced bars are primarily used. Thermo Mechanically Treated (TMT) steel reinforced bars are known for their absolute strength and ductility. TMT is actually an innovated procedure performed on the hot rolled steel bars, which results in a strong outer martensite layer that deals the tensile strength and a soft ferrite-pearlite inner core which deals with the ductility factor. TMT reinforced steel bars are known for its Bendability.