We see structures going up everyday, but do we realize the effort behind it. Construction requires great commitment, resources and technical skills. When it comes to resources, we are familiar with the construction materials such as Bricks, Concrete, Reinforced steel and such. When we look at the history of the construction, we have come a long way from using stones to bricks to different variations of bricks. In any construction, the most needed component apart from concrete and steel are bricks, obviously.
Constructing buildings is not an easy task, It requires a lot of resources, technical skills, dedication and commitment. When we talk about the resources, the most vital components for constructing buildings are reinforced steel and concrete. Reinforced steel is primarily known for its excellent strength and ductility which provides the necessary strength to withstand the load of the structure. However, there are several factors that can affect the strength of the steel in such a way that it becomes extremely dangerous to the whole structure, and one such factor is rusting.
Concrete is the most vital material in the construction of buildings. There is no need for any sort of familiarization for us. It is right around us, buildings, roads, bridges, etc, all these structures are made with concrete. It is impossible to imagine a structure without concrete. The use of concrete has a long way back since ancient times. The arrival of concrete drastically changed the course of architecture in the world.
Steel, the most versatile, strong and durable material for reinforcing concrete for constructing buildings. No doubt, it is the only material so far that has proven successful to bond with concrete for reinforcement. The main reasons are, One, steel has high tensile strength and is able to withstand the tensile forces in a structure which the concrete lacks. Second, the thermal coefficient of expansion of steel is similar to that of concrete.
The introduction of reinforcement drastically changed the phase of construction of building structures of steel. Reinforced steel provided the necessary tensile strength which the concrete lacks. Today, very few constructions are done without using reinforced cement concrete. At the current scenario, the most used reinforced steel bars are the Thermomechanically Treated (TMT) steel reinforced bars. They are preferred for their excellent tensile strength and optimum ductility. The TMT steel bars are of different grades namely Fe 415, Fe 500, Fe 550 and Fe 600.
TMT steel reinforced bars have been used in constructions of building structures for a long time. They are primarily preferred due to the advantages offered in terms of tensile strength and ductility ratio. TMT Steel reinforced bars consists of different grades namely Fe 415, Fe 500, Fe 550 and Fe 600. Because of the availability of different grades and many dealers promoting different versions of the steel reinforced bars, purchasing the right TMT steel reinforced bar is an important task
When it comes to constructing a building structure, the right set of resources must be used for ensuring the overall life and the integrity of the building. The introduction of reinforcement in construction improved the overall life expectancy of the structure and made them strong enough to withstand the forces of nature. Steel is the primary component used as reinforcement because of its excellent tensile strength, recyclability and similar thermal coefficient of expansion to that of concrete.
Natural disasters are usually one of the troublesome challenges for building structures to overcome particularly, the reinforced steel. Natural disasters are of many types, but the most common disaster occurrence in our country are earthquakes. There are many scenarios of structural collapses due to earthquakes. Although the causes can be attributed to several factors such as the age of building structure, lack of maintenance etc, the most important factor to be attributed is the ductile nature.
In reinforcement of steel bars, splicing technique is generally used to produce a single large reinforced steel bar by joining two similar length reinforced bars and wiring them.