The principal components in every construction of a building are concrete and reinforced steel. However, concrete is the pivotal component the construction begins with. Concrete is a composite of multiple items namely cement, water, sand and aggregates. The aggregates include limestone, gravel, crushed stone, slug etc. About 60 to 80% of the concrete mix is made of aggregates. They provide the required compressive strength and bulk to concrete.
Concrete and steel are the two most vital components for the construction of a building. Concrete is known for its impressive compressive strength but it lacks the tensile strength. This tensile strength is provided by using reinforced steel bars. So both these components are needed for the construction. However, with the rise of technologies, different variants of steel, concrete etc have been introduced. One such material is Prestressed Concrete.
TMT reinforced steels are currently the defacto standard for constructing commercial building projects and residential buildings. Known for its high tensile strength and ductility ratio, it is the ultimate option for reinforcement. Part I of this blog explained about TMT steel and its manufacturing process. To get the complete effect of the reinforced bar, there are certain things that must not be done. Some of these steps were explained in Part-I. Here we further a few more features.
TMT reinforced steel is the ultimate solution for reinforcement of a commercial structure. What the steels provide are the necessary tensile strength and ductility that is needed for the structure to withstand the forces of nature effectively and increased longevity to structure. The TMT steels are used because of its high tensile strength and ductility, which is resulted from the QST process that the reinforced bar undergo.
Steel, the most versatile, strong and durable material for reinforcing concrete for constructing buildings. No doubt, it is the only material so far that has proven successful to bond with concrete for reinforcement. The main reasons are, One, steel has high tensile strength and is able to withstand the tensile forces in a structure which the concrete lacks. Second, the thermal coefficient of expansion of steel is similar to that of concrete.
Part-I and Part-II broadly explained the two alternatives for steel reinforcement. One was Basalt rebars and the other one was Bamboo reinforcement. Each of this reinforcement techniques has their own advantages and features that are equal to or more than steel. But, however, when we look at the construction sector, one thing we can find is that steel reinforcement is still preferred for the construction of building structures.
Our last blog described on steel reinforcements and its multiple benefits to the construction sector, also, the concept of alternatives was explained. Even one such alternative namely the Basalt reinforcement was briefly explained along with its advantages. When compared to steel, basalt reinforcement bars or rebars had more tensile strength and was much lighter than steel. Well, another alternative reinforcement technique is Bamboo reinforcement.
Reinforced cement concrete, simply RCC is the preferred standard for constructing building structures. The concept of RCC was introduced by Joseph Monier in the late 19th century. Reinforced cement concrete is primarily used in structures to provide the tensile strength that the concrete is weak to handle. Due to the excellent tensile strength handling and similar thermal coefficient of expansion between steel and concrete, RCC remains as the de facto component in the construction of a building.
Construction of a house requires perfect planning and the sufficient strength to withstand loads of the structure and the certain natural disasters. In order to deliver such strength, the TMT steel reinforced bars are primarily used. Thermo Mechanically Treated (TMT) steel reinforced bars are known for their absolute strength and ductility. TMT is actually an innovated procedure performed on the hot rolled steel bars, which results in a strong outer martensite layer that deals the tensile strength and a soft ferrite-pearlite inner core which deals with the ductility factor. TMT reinforced steel bars are known for its Bendability.
Steel is the most widely used material in the construction field. Being an alloy of Iron, Carbon, it is known for its high tensile strength and low cost. Before the inclusion of steel, concrete was solely used for building structures but the catch was that concrete could only deal with the compressive strength of the structure and couldn’t deal with the tensile strength. This situation was quite a challenge to overcome until the introduction of reinforcement.