Part-I of this three series blog described a whole lot about construction and the history of various materials used for constructing buildings. Most importantly it described two major components used for constructing buildings and also a comparison between them which were stone and bricks. Stones, in fact, as described in the first blog has been currently replaced by bricks. Although stone masonry had its advantages, what made it less preferred in the construction of buildings is the complex work involved in crafting structures using it, but we have to admit that the buildings and monuments crafted using stones surely gives a unique aesthetic beauty and appeal.
However, with changing times, better innovations were introduced and offered far more capabilities than the currently used materials. In the case of stones, the arrival of bricks came with many advantages which included less cost, more strength and better stability and wide availability of the material. This doesn’t mean that stone was discarded, but rather it was less preferred in the main construction but it is still used for sculpting decorative items and structures.
The Seven Wonders
If we want to learn about stones and structures crafted using stone masonry, the best place to look for it is history. The biggest advantage of stone masonry is that it is barely affected by normal events that would cause wear and tear on other types of materials, however, earthquakes did not go well for stone structures, as it led to the crumbling of stone foundations. It is also strong and durable such that the ancient structure In ancient times, almost all the commercial type buildings were built using stone. Here we describe the seven wonders crafted from stones in the ancient era.
Great Pyramid at Giza
Hanging Gardens of Babylon
Statue of Zeus at Olympia, Greece
Temple of Artemis
Mausoleum at Halicarnassus
Colossus of Rhodes
Lighthouse of Alexandria
These structures, what is the common connecting links among them? All these monuments were built using stone. Out of all these structures, only the Great Pyramid of Giza still stands intact, the rest all have been destroyed by various natural disasters particularly earthquakes. One thing that history has taught us that with growth in civilizations, it leads to better innovations and contributions to architecture. These structures clearly show the architectural marvel of the different civilizations such as the Egyptians, Greeks, Romans, Babylonians etc.
Even when bricks replaced stones for construction, the innovations in architecture continued to impress and grow. One such example is the ziggurat, a complex multi-storey structure that was constructed during the Mesopotamian civilization. It just shows how different civilizations have continued to grow and introduce newer construction marvels using the available technology of their times.
The Rising Needs
The construction of buildings which are more stronger and taller are gaining considerable trend in the present timeline. One reason that can be attributed to it is the rising needs of people, well, the population is growing at a steady rate, therefore people need to live somewhere they feel safe and sound. How the rising needs changed the construction field will be further explained in Part-III of this blog. Until then stay tuned.